THE BORDER LIFE

TREE CHECKLIST FOR THE N.C. MOUNTAIN REGION 

Draft #1 of 118 species - compiled by Riverdave Owen,  August 7, 2011

 

Key to relative occurrence: (c) common, (o) occasional, (u) uncommon, (r) rare,

(vr) very rare - see Will Cook, Duke University www.duke.edu/~cwcook


BEECH FAMILY - FAGACEAE

__Ameirican Beech - Fagus grandifolia (c)

__American Chestnut - Castanea dentata (c)

__Chinkapin - Castanea pumila (u)


           White Oak Subgroup:

__White Oak - Quercus alba (c)

__Chestnut Oak - Quercus prinus (c)

__Post Oak - Quercus stellata (u)


           Black Oak Subgroup

__Red Oak - Quercus rubra (c)

__Spanish Oak - Quercus falcata (o)

__Scarlet Oak - Quercus coccinea (c)

__Velvet Oak - Quercus velutina (c)

__Shingle Oak - Quercus imbricaria (o)

__Blackjack Oak - Quercus marilandica (o)

__Chinkapin Oak - Quercus muehlenbergii (r)

__Dwarf Chinkapin Oak - Quercus prinoides (vr)

__Shumard Oak - Quercus shumardii (r)


BIRCH FAMILY - BETULACEAE

__Sweet Birch, Black Birch, Cherry Birch - Betula lenta (c)

__Yellow Birch - Betula alleghaniensis (c)

__River Birch - Betula nigra (o)

__Mountain Paper Birch - Betula cordifolia (vr)

__Ironwood, American Hornbeam - Carpinus caroliniana (c)

__Hophornbeam - Ostrya virginiana (u)

__Tag Alder - Alnus serrulata (c)

__Mountain Alder, Green Alder - Alnus viridis (r)


BITTERSWEET FAMILY - CELASTRACEAE

__American Wahoo, Burningbush - Euonymus atropurpureus (r)


BLADDERNUT FAMILY - STAPHYLEACEAE

__American Bladdernut - Staphylea trifolia (u)


BUCKEYE FAMILY - HIPPOCASTANACEAE

__Yellow Buckeye - Aesculus flava (c)

__Painted Buckeye - Aesculus sylvatica (r)


BUCKTHORN FAMILY  -  RHAMNACEAE

__Carolina Buckthorn - Frangula caroliniana (r)


CASHEW FAMILY - ANACARDIACEAE

__Staghorn Sumac - Rhus typhina - (c)

__Smooth Sumac - Rhus glabra (c)

__Winged Sumac - Rhus copallinum  (c)

__Poison Sumac - Toxicodendron vernix (r)


CUSTARD-APPLE - ANNONACEAE 

__Pawpaw - Asimina triloba (o)


CYPRESS FAMILY - CUPRESSACEAE  

__Eastern Redcedar - Juniperus virginiana (c)


DOGWOOD FAMILY - CORNACEAE

__Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida (c)

__Alternate-leaved Dogwood - Cornus alternifolia (u)


EBONY FAMILY - EBONACEAE

__Common Persimmon - Diospyros virginiana (u)


ELM FAMILY - ULMACEAE

__Slippery Elm - Ulmus rubra (c)

__American Elm - Ulmus americana (r)

__Winged Elm - Ulmus alata (r)

__Sugarberry - Celtis laevigata (o)

__Common Hackberry - Celtis occidentalis (r)

__Dwarf Hackberry - Celtis tenuifolia (o)


GINSENG FMAILY - ARALIACEAE

__Devil's-walkingstick - Aralia spinosa (u)


HOLLY FAMILY - AQUIFOLIACEAE

__Mountain Winterberry - Ilex montana (c)

__American Holly - Ilex opaca (c)

__Carolina Holly - Ilex ambigua (o)

__Long-stalked Holly - Ilex collina (vr)


LAUREL FAMILY - LAURACEAE

__Sassafras - Sassafras albidum (c)


LEGUME FAMILY - FABACEAE

__Black Locust - Robinia pseudoacacia (c)

__Eastern Redbud - Cercis canadensis (u)

__Yellowwood - Cladrastis kentukea (r)


MAGNOLIA FAMILY - MAGNOLIACEAE

__Tulip-poplar, Tuliptree - Liriodendron tulipifera (c)

__Fraser Magnolia - Magnolia fraseri (c)

__Cucumber Tree, Cucumber Magnolia - Magnolia acuminata (c)

__Umbrella Tree, Umbrella Magnolia - Magnolia tripetala (u)


MALVACEAE - MALLOW FAMILY

__American Basswood - Tilia americana (c)


MAPLE FAMILY - ACERACAE

__Red Maple - Acer rubrum (c)

__Sugar Maple - Acer saccharum (c)

__Striped Maple - Acer pensylvanicum (c)

__Mountain Maple - Acer spicatum (u)

__River Maple - Acer Negundo (u)

__Silver Maple - Acer saccharinum (u)

__Chalk Maple - Acer leucoderme (r)

__Black Maple - Acer nigrum (r)


MULBERRY FAMILY - MORACEAE 

__Morus rubra - Red Mulberry (u)


OLIVE FAMILY - OLEACEAE

__White Ash - Fraxinus americana (c)

__Fringetree, Old Man's Beard - Chionanthus virginicus (o)

__Pumpkin Ash - Fraxinus profunda (r)


PINE FAMILY - PINACEAE

__Fraser Fir - Abies fraseri (u)

__Red Spruce - Picea rubens (u)

__Eastern Hemlock - Tsuga canadensis (c)

__Carolina Hemlock - Tsuga caroliniana (u)

__Eastern White Pine - Pinus strobus (c)

__Shortleaf Pine - Pinus echinata (c)

__Virginia Pine - Pinus virginiana (c)

__Table Mountain Pine - Pinus pungens (u)

__Pitch Pine - Pinus rigida (u)


PLANETREE FAMILY - PLATANACEAE 

__American Sycamore - Platanus occidentalis (u)


RHODODENDRON FAMILY - ERICACEAE

__Catawba Rhododendron - Rhododendron catawbiense (c)

__Rosebay Rhododendron - Rhododendron maximum  (c)

__Mountain Laurel - Kalmia latifolia (c)

__Sourwood - Oxydendrum arboreum (c)

__Sparkleberry, Farkleberry - Vaccinium arboreum (r)


ROSE FAMILY - ROSACEAE

__Allegheny Serviceberry - Amelanchier laevis (c)

__Common Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea (u)

__Roundleaf Serviceberry - Amelanchier sanguinea (r)

__Hawthorne species - Crataegus (u)

__Black Cherry - Prunus serotina (c)

__American Plum - Prunus americana (u)

__Pin Cherry - Prunus pensylvanica (u)

__Chokecherry - Prunus virginiana (r)

__Alleghany Plum - Prunus alleghaniensis (r)

__American Mountain Ash, Rowan - Sorbus americana (u)

__Sweet Crabapple - Malus coronaria (o)

__Southern Crabapple - Malus angustifolia (u)


RUE (CITRUS) FAMILY - RUTACEAE

__Hoptree - Ptelea trifoliata (o)


STYRAX FAMILY - STYRACACEAE

__Mountain Silverbell - Halesia tetraptera (c)


SWEETGUM FAMILY - ALTINGIACEAE

__Sweetgum - Liquidambar styraciflua (r)


SWEETLEAF FAMILY - SYMPLOCACEAE

__Sweetleaf - Symplocos tinctoria (u)


TEA FAMILY - Theaceae

__Silky Camellia - Stewartia malacodendron (r)

__Mountain Camellia - Stewartia ovata (r)


TUPELO FAMILY - NYSSACEAE 

__Blackgum, Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica (c)


VIBURNUM FAMILY - CAPRIFOLIACEAE

__Withe-rod - Viburnum cassinoides (c)

__Possumhaw - Viburnum nudum (o)

__Blackhaw - Viburnum prunifolium (o)

__Rusty Blackhaw - Viburnum rufidulum (r)


WALNUT FAMILY - JUGLANDACEAE

__Black Walnut - Juglans nigra (u)

__Butternut - Juglans cinerea (o)

__Mockernut Hickory - Carya tomentosa (c)

__Pignut Hickory - Carya glabra var. glabra (c)

__Bitternut Hickory - Carya cordiformis (c)

__Hairy Pignut Hickory - Carya glabra (u)

__Red Hickory, Sweet Pignut Hickory - Carya ovalis (u)

__Shagbark Hickory - Carya ovata (u)

__Sand Hickory - Carya pallida (r)


WILLOW FAMILY - SALICACEAE

__Black Willow - Salix nigra (c)

__Bigtooth Aspen - Populus grandidentata (r)

__Quaking Aspen - Populus tremuloides (r)


WITCHHAZEL FAMILY - HAMAMELIDACEAE

__American Witchhazel - Hamamelis virginiana (c)