THE BORDER LIFE

TREES OF PIEDMONT NORTH CAROLINA     


BEECH FAMILY - FAGACEAE

__American Beech - Fagus grandifolia

 

           White Oak subgroup:

__White Oak - Quercus alba

__Chestnut Oak - Quercus montana

__Swamp Chestnut Oak - Quercus michauxii

__Post Oak - Quercus stellata

__Overcup Oak - Quercus lyrata


           Black Oak subgroup:

__Red Oak - Quercus rubra

__Spanish Oak - Quercus falcata

__Scarlet Oak - Quercus coccinea 

__Willow Oak - Quercus phellos

__Velvet Oak - Quercus velutina

__Water Oak - Quercus nigra            

__Pagoda Oak - Quercus pagoda

__Pin Oak - Quercus palustris

__Shumard Oak - Quercus shumardii

__Blackjack Oak - Quercus marilandica


BIRCH FAMILY - BETULACEAE

__River Birch - Betula nigra

__Ironwood - Carpinus caroliniana

__Hophornbeam - Ostrya virginiana

__American Hazelnut - Corylus americana 

__Tag Alder - Alnus serrulata


BLADDERNUT FAMILY - STAPHYLEACEAE

__American Bladdernut - Staphylea triloba


BUCKEYE FAMILY - HIPPOCASTANACEAE

__Painted Buckeye - Aesculus sylva


BUCKTHORN FAMILY - RHAMNACEAE

__Carolina Buckthorn - Frangula caroliniana


CASHEW FAMILY -ANACARDIACEAE

__Smooth Sumac - Rhus glabra

__Winged Sumac - Rhus copallinum


CUSTARD-APPLE - ANNONACEAE 

__Pawpaw - Asimina triloba


CYPRESS FAMILY - CUPRESSACEAE 

__Bald Cypress -Taxodium distichum

__Eastern Red Cedar - Juniperus virginiana 


DOGWOOD FAMILY - CORNACEAE

__Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida

__Swamp Dogwood - Cornus amomum


EBONY FAMILY - EBONACEAE

__Persimmon - Diospyrus virginiana


ELM FAMILY - ULMACEAE

__American Elm - Ulmus americana

__Winged Elm - Ulmus alata

__Slippery Elm - Ulmus rubra

__Hackberry - Celtis occidentalis 


FIGWORT FAMILY - SCROPHULARIACEAE

__Princesstree - Paulownia tomentosa - (Asia)


HOLLY FAMILY - AQUIFOLIACEAE

__American Holly - Ilex opaca

__Possomhaw - Ilex decidua

__Winterberry - Ilex verticillata


LAUREL FAMILY - LAURACEAE

__Sassafras - Sassafras albidum

__Spicebush - Lindera benzoin


LEGUME FAMILY - FABACEAE

__Eastern Rebud - Cercis canadensis

__Honey Locust - Gleditsia triancanthos - (Central USA)

__Black Locust - Robinia psuedo-acacia 

__Mimosa - Albizia julibrissin - (Asia)


MAGNOLIA FAMILY - MAGNOLIACEAE

__Tulip Tree - Liriodendron tulipifera 

__Umbrella Magnolia - Magnolia tripetala

__Bigleaf Magnolia - Magnolia macrophylla

__Southern Magnolia - Magnolia grandiflora - (Southern Coastal USA) 


MAHOGANY FAMILY - MELIACEAE

__ Chinaberry - Melia azedarach - (Asia)


MAPLE FAMILY - ACERACAE

__Red Maple - Acer rubrum

__Florida Maple - Acer floridanum

__River Maple (box elder) - Acer negundo

__Chalk Maple - Acer leucoderme

__Silver Maple - Acer saccharinum


MULBERRY FAMILY - MORACEAE 

__Red Mulberry - Morus rubra

__White Mulberry - Morus alba - (Asia)

__Paper Mulberry - Broussonetia papyrifera - (Asia)

__Osage Orange - Maclura pomifera  - (Central USA)


MYRTLE FAMILY - MYRICACEAE

__Wax-Myrtle (Bayberry) - Myrica cerifera - (Eastern U.S. Coastal Plain)


OLEASTER FAMILY - ELAEAGNACEAE

__Autumn Olive - Elaeagnus umbellata - (Asia)


OLIVE FAMILY - OLEACEAE

__White Ashe - Fraxinus americana

__Green Ashe - Fraxinus pennsylvanica

__Fringetree - Chionanthus virginicus

__Chinese Privet - Ligustrum sinense - (Asia)


PINE FAMILY - PINACEAE

__Shortleaf Pine - Pinus echinata 

__Loblolly Pine - Pinus taeda

__Virginia Pine - Pinus virginiana 

__Eastern White Pine - Pinus Strobus  

__Eastern Hemlock - Tsuga canadensis


PLANETREE FAMILY - PLATANACEAE 

__Sycamore - Platanus occidentalis


RHODODENDRON FAMILY - ERICACEAE

__Catawba Rhododendron - Rhododendron catawbiense

__Pinxster Azalea- Rhododendron perclymenoides

__Mountain Laurel - Kalmia latifolia

__Sourwood - Oxydendrum arboreum

__Sparkleberry - Vaccinium arboreum 

__Deerberry - Vaccinium stamineum

__Black Highbush Blueberry - Vaccinium atrococcum

 

ROSE FAMILY - ROSACEAE

__Black Cherry - Prunus serotina

__American Plum - Prunus americana

__Chickasaw Plum - Prunus angustifolia

__Hawthorn - Crataegus (species)

__Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea


RUE FAMILY - RUTACEAE

__Hoptree - Ptelea trifoliata


SIMAROUBA FAMILY - SIMAROUBACEAE

__Tree of Heaven - Ailanthus altissima - (Asia)


STYRAX FAMILY - STYRACACEAE

__Silverbell - Halesia tetraptera 

__American Snowbell - Styrax americana

__Bigleaf Snowbell - Styrax grandifolia


SWEETGUM FAMILY - ALTINGIACEAE

__Sweetgum - Liquidambar styraciflua 


TRUMPET CREEPER FAMILY - BIGNONIACEAE

__Southern Catalpa - Catalpa bignonioides - (deep southern USA)

__Northern Catalpa - Catalpa speciosa - (Upper Mississippi Valley USA)


TUPELO FAMILY - NYSSACEAE 

__Blackgum - Nyssa sylvatica


VIBURNUM FAMILY - CAPRIFOLIACEAE

__Downy Arrrowwood - Viburnum rafinesquianum

__Southern Arrowwood - Viburum dentatum

__Mapleleaf Viburnum - Viburnum acerifolium

__Blackhaw - Viburnum prunifolium

__Rusty Blackhaw - Viburnum rufidulum

__Elderberry - Sambucus canadensis 

 

WALNUT FAMILY - JUGLANDACEAE

__Black Walnut - Juglans nigra

 

           Shagbark Hickory subgroup:

__Shagbark Hickory - Carya ovata

__Mockernut Hickory - Carya tomentosa

__Shellbark Hickory - Carya laciniosa

 

           Pignut Hickory subgroup:

__Pignut Hickory - Carya glabra

__Red Hickory - Carya ovalis

 

           Pecan Hickory subgroup:

__Pecan - Carya illinoensis - (Mississippi Valley USA)

__Bitternut Hickory - Carya cordiformis 

 

WILLOW FAMILY - SALICACEAE

__Black Willow - Salix Nigra

__Eastern Cottonwood - Populus deltoides

__Weeping Willow - Salix babylonica - (Asia)


WITCHHAZEL FAMILY - HAMAMELIDACEAE

__Witchhazel - Hamamelis virginiana


COMMON WOODY VINES OF PIEDMONT NORTH CAROLINA


__Muscadine Grape - Vitis rotundifolia

__Fox Grape - Vitis labrusca

__Trumpet Vine - Campsis radicans

__Virginia Creeper - Parthenocissus quinquefolia

__Coral Honeysuckle - Lonicera sempervirens

__Poison Ivy - Toxicodendron radicans

__Greenbrier Species - Smilax species

__Cross Vine - Bignonia capreolata

__English Ivy - Hedera helix - (Eurasia)

__Japanese Honeysuckle - Lonicera japonica - (Asia)

__Chinese Wisteria - Wisteria sinensis - (Asia)