THE BORDER LIFE

रिवेर्देव-संस्कृत-शब्दकोशः

RIVERDAVE’S SANSKRIT GLOSSARY 

OF AYURVEDA, YOGA  AND HIMALAYAN NATURAL HISTORY

Opened as a new student of Sanskrit in June 2017 and last updated May 2, 2018

(a)

अवलोकितेश्वर - (avalokitezvara) the Buddha of compassion

अङ्गुलि (aGgulI) finger

अन्तःकरण (antaHkaraNa) thinking faculty

अगुरु (aguru) agarwood tree, aloewood, Aquilaria species; not heavy or short vowel 

अस्थि (asthi) bone, one of the septadhAtu

अन्न (anna) ready to eat cooked rice

असुर (asura) demo

अर्ह (arha) worthy

अहिंसा (ahiMsA) non-violence

अक्षोट (akSoTa) walnut tree

अग्नि (agni) fire; अग्निबल (agnibala) digestive strength

अभ्यास (abhyAsa) discipline, practice

अनघ (anagha) blameless, innocent, sinless, handsome

अघोर (aghora) worshipper of Shiva and Durga

असन टोल (asan tol) the Kathmandu medicinal herb market - Nepali

अश्वगंधा (azwagandha) the herb Withania somnifera

अमृत (amRta) necter of immortality

अनुपान (anupAna) herbal liquid carrier

अमिताभ (amitAbha) a celestial Buddha; from अमित (amita) infinite and आभा (AbhA) light

औषध (auSadha) medicine, herb, mineral; औषधालय (auSadhAlaya) dispensary, apothecary

(A)

आदान (AdAna) summer - receiving

आहार (AhAra) diet

आमलकी (AmalakI) Indian gooseberry - Phyllanthus emblica 

आर्द्रक (Ardraka) fresh ginger root, also as शृङ्गवेर (zRGavera) - शृङ्ग (zRGga) horn; वेर (vera) body;  शुण्ठी (zuNTI) dried ginger

आयुर्वेद (Ayurveda) life science

आम (Ama) metabolic toxin, uncooked

आम्र (Amra) mango

आकाश (AkAza) space

आत्रेय (Atreya) Punarvasu, 6th BCE rishi and Ayurvedic scholar

आत्मन् (Atman) essence of self

आत्मगुप्ता (AtmaguptA) secret self; Mucuna pruriens bean 

आत्म अनुभूति (Atma anubhUti) - experience of infinity

आश्रम (Azrama) retreat

आनन्द (Ananda) bliss

(i)

इडा (iDA) lunar nadi

इन्द्र (indra) Lord of the sky and atmosphere

इन्द्रिय (indriya) sense organ

(I)

ईश्वर (Izvara) God

(u)

उलूक (ulUka) owl

उच्चार (uccAra) utterance of mantra

उपनिषद् (upaniSad) Upanishad scripture

उपासना (upAsanA) sitting near, intent or engaged in, concentration 

ऊ (U)

ऊर्वङ्ग (UrvaGga) fungus

(e)

एला (elA) plant: cardamon seed - Elettaria cardamomum

एकः (ekaH) one; एकाग्रता (ekAgratA) one-pointed meditation

(R)

ऋतुचर्या (Rtucarya) seasonal dietary regime

ऋषि (RSi) seer, sage; ऋषिकुल्या (RSikulyA) river of the seers

(RRii)

ॠ (RR) mother of the gods, breast

(IRi)

ऌ (IR) earth, mother of the gods, the female nature

(IRRii)

ॡ (IRR) mother, divine female

(ka)

कृति (kRti) creation - english cognate kRi = cre

काले (kAle) timely - indeclinable

कुटी (kuTI) hut, cabin

कस्तूरी (kastUrI) musk

कुट्टिमदारु (kuTTimadAru) maple tree

कर्पूर (karpUra) camphor tree

कीर्तिन (kIrtina) chanting

काक (kAka) crow

कुष्माण्ड (kuSmANDa) wintermelon

क्षय (kSaya) energy depletion, loss of Sukra

कामचारिन् (kAmacArin) indulging in sensual pleasure

काय (KAya) body

कायचिकित्सा (KAyacikitsA) internal medicine

कवल (kavala) gargle, oil pulling

कर्म (karma) action

कोष (koSa) sheath of body and mind realm of experience 

क्लेश (kleza) pain, affliction, grief

कम्पवात (kampavAta) tremor wind, Parkinson’s Disease

कुम्भक (kumbhaka) breath retention

कवि (kavi) poet, काव्य (kavya) poetry

कुण्डलिनी (kuNDalinI) coiled one

क्षत्रिय (kSatriya) member of the warrior or ruling class 

काहू (kAhU) Lactuca sativa or virosa in western Himalayas

काष्ठमन्डप (kAStha-mandap) = wood-shelter - pagoda that was namesake of Modern Kathmandu

क्षीर (kSIra) tree latex or sap

(kha)

ख (kha) cave, cavity

खग (khaga) moving in the air, sun name, bird, wind

(ga)

गुलिका (gulikA) medicine ball, pill

गीत (gIta) song

गार्हस्थ्य (gArhasthya) state of the householder

गङ्गा (gaGga) Ganges River

गुण (guNa) quality

गुरु (guru) teacher

गौरी (gauri) white, Shiva’s wife Parvati

गरम मसाला (garam masAlA - Hindi) hot mixture seasoning

गन्ध (gandha) scent, smell

गजः (gaja) elephant

(gha)

घट्ट (ghatta) steps to a river, landing-place, quay

घृत (ghRta) ghee

घ्राण (ghrANa) nose, smelling

(Ga)

(Ga) and object of sense desire

(ca)

चित्त (citta) thought, memory, immagination

चिकित्सा (cikitsa) therapy or treatment

चैत्य (chaitya) temple, hall, tree or place of worship

चन्दन (candana) sandalwood

चरक (caraka) wanderer, and physican compiler of charaka samhita

चक्र (cakra) body’s energy center, wheel, riverbend

चन्द्र (candra) moon

चिदानन्द (cidAnanda) thought and joy

चूर्ण (cUrNa) medicinal herbal powder

च्यवनप्राश (cyavanprAz) herbal restorative formula

(cha)

छन्दस् (chandas) Vedic meter in general

छाया (chAyA) shadow; chayopasana - shadow gazing practice

(ja)

जगती (jagatI) Vedic meter of 4 verses with 12 syllables each

जीवनीय (jIvanIya) vitalizer, as an herbal action

ज्योति (jyoti) light

जन्म (janma) birth

जल (jala) water

जाग्रत् - (jAgrat) waking

जिह्व (jiva) tongue, taste

(jha)

झलि (jhali) areca/betel nut

झिल्ली (jhillI) cricket

(Ja)

ञ (Ja) heretic

(Ta)

टु (Tu) one who can change his shape at will

(Tha)

(Tha) disc of the sun or moon

(Da)

डाकिनी (DAkinI) female imp attending Kali

(Dha)

ढक्का (DhakkA) drum

(Na)

ण (Na) Knowledge, Shiva, negation sound, water-summer house

(ta)

तगर (tagar) Valerian, Valeriana wallichii

तन्त्र (tantra) esoteric traditions of Hinduism and Buddhism; text, theory, system, method, instrument, technique or practice

तिल (tila) sesame, तैल (taila) oil

तपस् (tapas) discipline, asceticism

तुलसी (tulasI) holy basil

तेजस् (tejas) fire

तत्त्व (tattva) essence, element, true nature

तत्त्वविद् (tattvavid) - philosopher, one who studies the elements

तथागत (tathAgata) the Buddha

तीर्थ (tIrtha) sacred place, vulva, ford, bank next to sacred stream

तमस् (tamas) darkness

त्रिफला (triphalA)  herbal digestive formula of the three fruits amalaki, bibhitaki, and haritaki

त्राटक (trATaka) concentration on one object

तीक्ष्ण (tIkSNa) a guna or quality that is sharp, penetrating, pungent, acrid, aromatic

(tha)

थ (tha) mountain

थान्का (thanka) thanka - Neplali, Tibetan painting of deity or mandala

(da)

दुःख (duHkha) suffering, sorrow, distress; opposite of सुख (sukha) happiness

द्राव्य (dravya) substance, cognate of english drug;  द्रव्यगुण (dravyaguNa) pharmacology

दारुसिता (dArusitA) cinnamon

दण्ड (danDa) stick, cane

देवदारु (devadAru) Himalayan Cedar

दिनचर्या (dinacarya) daily routine

देव (deva) god; देवता (devatA) and (देवी) goddess

देवनागरी (devanAgarI) divine city script

दीपक - (dIpaka) lamp

दीपन (dIpan) digestive stimulant

दीक्षा (dIkSA) initiation

दही (dahI) yogurt, curds - Hindi

देह (deha) body  देह-मानस (deha-mAnasa) body-mind or psychosomatic

(dha)

धौति (dhauti) loin cloth worn by men 

धातु (dhAtu) constituent, element, tissue

ध्रुव (dhruva) polar star

धर्म (dharma) duty, law, custom, practice, nature; धर्मता (dharmata) essence

धन्वन्तरि (dhanvantari) received ayurveda from Indra

ध्यान (dhyAna) meditation

(na)

नेत्र (netra) eye

नवद्वार (navadvAra) nine gated, nine apertures of the body

नाथ (nAtha) lord, master, a tradition, the natha sector sampradaAya

निद्रा (nidrA) sleep

निर्वाण (nirvANa) final liberation, cessation

नेती (netI) drawing string or water through nostril

नाग (nAga) cobra, snake

नाद (nAda) sound

नाभि (nAbhi) navel

नायिका (nAyikA) tantrik consort

नारक (nAraka) hell

नारायण (nArAyaNa) Name of Krishna, Vishnu, a churna

नम्र (namrA) willow tree, bowed, humble, inclined - Hindi?

नद (nada) river 

नदी (NadI) creek

नाडी (nADI) subtle energy channel

नान्द (nAnda) joy

नियम (niyama) precept, rule

निरोध (nirodha) restraint of वृत्ति (vRtti) fluctuations

नटराजासन (naTarAjAsana) Lord of the Dance pose

अश्वगन्धा (azvagandha) Ashwagandha - herb

नेवार (newAr) - historic residents of Kathmandu Valley

(pa)

पतञ्जलि (pataJjali) author of Yoga Sutras

पीलु (pIlu) atom

पायु (pAyu) anus, उपस्थ (upastha) penis, पायूपस्थ (PAyupastha) anus and organs of generation

पाणि (pAni) hand

पुदीना (pudInA) peppermint or mint plant, leaf

परम (parama) highest, absolute; परमात्मन् (paramAtman) the Great Spirit

रार्थना (prArthanA) prayer, petition

प्रार्थनाचक्रम् (prArthanAcakram) prayer wheel

प्रणव (praNava) sacred Om sound or symbol

पूष (pUS) to nourish

प्राकृत (prAkRita) vulgar, vernacular, common

पुरुष (puruSa) transcendental self, a person - English cognate

पूजा (pUjA) veneration

पद्म (padma) lotus

पशुपति (pazupati) lord of the animals, पशु (paZu) Lord Shiva, पति (pati) animals

पर्ण (parNa) leaf

पुष्प (puSpa) flower

प्रकृति (prakRti) nature, constitution, equilibrium

पद्मक (padmaka) Himalayan wild cherry tree - Prunus cerasoides

पारम्पर (paramparA) tradition, lineage

पाप (pApa) evil deed, as opposed to punya

पुण्य (punya) meritorious act, merit, virtue

प्राञ्जलि (prAJjali) outstretched hollowed open hands

पिङ्गल (piGgala) solar nadi

पाद (pAda) chapter, one line of a four lined verse; foot

प्रातिभ (praAtibha) divination siddhi, intuition

पदाधीरासन (padAdhIrAsana) breath balancing pose

पूरक (pUraka) inhalation

प्रयाग (prayAga) place of sacrifice, river confluence

पक्ष (pakSa) fortnight

पूर्णिमा (pUrnima) day or night of full moon

प्राज्ञा - (prAja) intelligence

प्रेमन् (preman) affection, love

पृथिवी - (pRthivI) earth 

पूर्ण - (pUrNa) full, पूर्णकाम (pUrNakAma) - desire filled, satisfied

पितृ (pitR) father

पिङ्गल (piGgala) solar nadi

प्रत्याहार (pratyAhAra) withdrawal, sense deprivation

प्राण (prANa) energy, breath, life force; प्राणायाम (prANAyAma) breath control; प्राणाचार्य (prANAcArya) physician to the king

प्रभाव - (prabhAva) the peculiar affinity of a medicinal herb

(pha)

फल (phala) fruit

(ba)

बुद्ध (buddha) the Buddha, awakened, enlightened

बोधि (bodhi) sacred fig tree; पीपल (pIpala) Hindi and Nepali name for Bodhi tree

बल - strength; the herb Sida cordifolia

ब्रह्म (brahma) supreme Spirit

ब्राह्मण (brAhmana) top class in Hindu society

ब्रह्मचर्य (brahmacarya) celibacy, path of God

बृहदम्ल (BRihadamla) starfruit 

(bha)

भृङ्गराज (bhRGgarAja) herb Eclipta alba 

भस्मन् (bhasman) ashes

भैषज्यगुरु (bhaiSajyaguru) medicine guru/Buddha

भक्ति (bhakti) devotion, भक्त (bhakta) devotee

भङ्गा (bhaGgA) Cannabis sativa

भूम्यामलकी (bhUmyAmalakI) APhyllanthusmalakI of the earth, Phyllanthus amarus, stonebreaker plant

भूर्ज (bhUrja) birch tree

भगवद् (bhagavad) divine, holy, blessed

भगवद्गीता (bhagavadgItA) kRSHa’s song, Bhagavad-gita

भाषा (bhASA) language

भूमि (bhUmi) earth

भाव (bhAva) state, condition, being, rank; अन्तर्भाव (antarbhAva) inner state, stage; Tibetan bardo; भावान्तराभाव (bhAvAntarAbhAva) the Tibetanbecoming bardo

(ma)

माञ्जिष्ठ (mAJjiSTha) Indian madder, Rubia cordifolia

मेथिका (methikA) plant: fenugreek - Trigonella Foenum 

मण्डल (maNDala) cosmic or energetic map of the universe

मार्ग (marga) path of any kind

मल्लिका (mallikA) Jasminum officinale

मयूर (mayUra) peacock

मृग (mRga) deer

मण्डूकपर्णी (maNDUkaparni) Centella asiatica, gotu kola herb - frog-leafed

मेघ (megha) cloud; मेघालय (meghalya) abode of the clouds - forested state in N.E. India

मीर (mIra) ocean

महामेरु (mahAmeru) great Mt. Meru, 350,000 miles high

मेरुदण्ड (merudaNDa) spinal column, axis mundi

महेश्वर (mahezvara) god, Lord Shiva, resin of the Guggul tree 

मुद्रा (mudrA) sign

मन्त्र (mantra) incantation

माला (mAlA) rosary, garland

मनस् (manas) mind

मङ्गल (maGgala) auspicious, bliss, luck, prosperity, amulet

मञ्जुश्री (maJjuzrI) one of four main Mahayana Bodhisattvas

मानव (mAnava) human being

मानुष्य (mAnuSya) human being, man

मैथुन (maithuna) sexual intercourse, coupling, mating

मुद्ग (mudga) mung dal

महाभारत श्रृंखला (mahAbhArata zRGkhalA) Mahabharat or Lesser Himalaya Mountains

मरिच (marica) black pepper

मांस (mamsa) muscle, one of the septadhatus

मेदस् (medas) fat, one of the septadhatus

मज्जा (majja) marrow, one of the septadhatus

मर्मन् (marman) vulnerable point

मातृ (mAtR) mother

मूत्र (mUtra) urine

(ya)

योग (yoga)

यवागू (yavAgU) rice or other grain gruel 

यात्रा (yAtrA) journey, pilgrimage, महायात्रा (mahayAtrA) great pilgrimage, यात्रिक (yAtrika) pilgrim, सिद्धियात्रिक (siddhiyAtrika) pilgrim seeking special beatitude

(ra)

राग (rAga) melodic formula of classical Indian music

रूप (rUpa) shape, form, likeness

रवि (ravi) sun, mountain

रति (rati) love 

रजस् (rajas) passion, active guna

रेचक (recaka) exhalation

रस (rasa) plasma, one of the septadhatus

रक्त (rakta) blood, one of the septadhatus

(la)

लवण (lavaNa) salt

लोभ (lobha) desire, love, greed

लवङ्ग (lavaGga) clove tree and fruit

लक्ष्मी (lakSmI) goddess of wealth

(va)

विकृति (vikRti) imbalance, deficiency or excess, which moves towards प्रकृति (prakRti) equilibrium, balance, constitution

विकार (vikAra) disorder, illness, disease, disequilibrium

विपश्यन (vipashyana) clear seeing, as in second stage of meditation after शमथ (zamatha)

वट (vaTa) Ficus benghalensis

वणिज (vAnija) trader, merchant, evolved into Portuguese “banyan”

विरेचन (virecana) laxative

विहार (vihAr) recreation, diversion, pastime

वाच् (vAc) voice, speech, word

विभीदक (vibhIdaka) also विभितक, विभीतक beleric, Terminalia bellirica, 

वेद (veda) knowledge, वेदान्त (vedanta) complete knowledge

वाजीकरण (vAjIkaraNa) aphrodisiac

व्यवाय (vayavAya) sexual intercourse

व्यवायवायिन् (vyavAyavAyin) aphrodisiac, lascivious

वनफल (vanaphala) wild fruit, fruit of the forest

विकृति (vikRti) changed condition, vitiated nature

वनप्रस्थ (vanaprastha) forest dweller (setting out cast out) 

वासना (vAsanA) impression remaining unconsiously in the mind 

वायु (vAyu) wind, पवन (pawana) wind

विचार (vicAra) analysis, examination

विषुवत् (viSuvat) equinox (middle)

वाजीकरण (vAjIkarana) potency causing, aphrodisiac

वैश्य (vaizya) person of second or working class

वैराग्य (vairAgya) unattachment

वर्णमाला (varNamAla) alphabet

विभू (vibhU) universal mind, omniscient

विपाक (vipAka) post-digestive effect of a medicinal herb

(za)

शतावरी (zatAvarI) plant: Shatavari - Asparagus racemosus

शमथ (zamatha) tranquility, calm abiding as first stage of meditation

शालि (zAli) rice; रक्तशालि (raktazAli) red rice

श्रोत्र (zotra) ear, hearing

शुण्ठी  (zuNTI) dried ginger

श्येन (zyena) a hawk, falcon, eagle, any bird of prey, especially the eagle that brings soma to humans

शम्भलः (zambhalah) mythical kingdom in Tibetan Buddhist tradition

शिवालिक (zivAlik) tresses of Shiva - sub-Himalayan mountain range

शङ्ख (znGkha) conch

श्रमण (zramaNa) ascetic 

शब्द (zabda) sound, voice

श्रद्धा (zraddhA) faith, belief

शक्ति (zakti) energy

शण्ड (zaNDa) thick sour milk, curds

शम्भु (zambhu) beneficent ( another name for siva - शिव )

शान्ति (zAnti) peace

शप (zava) corpse

शास्त्र (zAstra) teaching, treatise, sacred book

शिवाविद्या (zivAvidha) divination by the cries of jackals

शुभ (zubha) auspicious अशुभ (azubha) inauspicious 

शून्य (zUnya) emptiness, zero 

शूद्र (zUdra) person of the lowest cast

शब्दकोश (zabdakoza) dictionary, from zabda koza, a word treasury

शब्दावलि (zabdAvali) glossary, from zabda avali, a word series

शिरोधरा (zirodharA) - Ayurvedic treatment of oil drip on forehead

शुक्र (zukra) sexual fluids, one of the septadhatus

श्लोक (shloka) verse

 

षण्ड (SaNDa) wood, group of trees or plants

 (Sa)

सात्म्य (sAtmya) wholesomeness, agreeable to nature or constitution - Carak

स्थलजा (sthalajA) plant: licorice root

सैन्धव (saindhava) rock salt

सूत्र (sutra) aphorism, verse, thread

सत्य (satya) truth, सत्यकाम (truth loving)

सम्प्रदाय (sampradaAya) lineage, tradition, sect

सूक्ष्म (sUkSma) subtle, सूक्ष्म शरीर (sUkSma zarIrA) subtle or energy body

सोहम (soham) that I am; the sound of breath inhalation and exhalation

सोम (soma) soma plant, nectar, moon, सोमरस (somarasa) juice of soma plant

सिंह - (siMha) lion

स्थितप्रज्ञ (sthitaprajJa) steadiness of mind; स्थित (sthita) being;  प्रज्ञ (prajJa) knowing

सागवान (sAgawAn) Nepali for teak tree

सङ्क्रान्ति (saGkrAti) transference of consciousness at death; Tibetan phowa

स्पर्श (sparza) touch

स्तूप (stUpa) summit, crest, Buddhist monument

सुश्रुत (suzruta) Sushruta 6th century BC physician, compiler of the Sushruta Samhita with focus on surgery

सागर-मथ्था (sAgar-matthA) ocean-mother, Mt. Everest in Nepali

स्वस्थता (svasthatA) health

स्वस्थ (svastha) healthy, sound, well

स्वस्तक (svastaka) having a good or healthy home

स्वस्थवृत्त (svasthAvRtta) medical treatment of a healthy person

सर्व (sarva) whole, universal, complete

सर्वे मड्गलं (sarva maGgala) may all be prosperous, well, auspicious

सूत्रस्थान (sUtrasthAna) first general section 

सन्यास(sanyAsa) renunciate

सार (sAra) essence, extract, path, creek

सङ्कल्प - (saGkalpa) intention

सत्त्व (sattva) goodness, harmonious guna; mind

सन्धि (sandhi) irregular pranas flow into sushumna, agreement

सद्गुरु (sadguru) true guru

सुषुम्णा (suSumnA) central nadi

समता (samatA) equinimity 

स्वरोदय - (swarodaya) स्वर (swara-sound) & उदय (udaya-production)

संहिता (saMhitA) collection of verses or texts 

सेवा (seva) practice, service, homage, worship, indulgence, service

संस्कृत (saMskRta) Sanskrit lanuguage

स्वामी (svAmI) master, owner, lord

स्व (swa) self,  स्वाध्याय (swAdhyaya) self study,  स्वभाव (swabhAva) psychic nature or being,  स्वधर्म (swadharma) personal duty

संस्कार (saMskAra) mental impression

संसार (saMsAra) transmigration

सिन्दूर (sindUra) oak, सिन्दूरवृक्षः (sindUravRkSa) oak tree

सरल (sarala) pine tree, resin

सत्सङ्ग (satsaGga) community of truth

सिद्ध (siddha) an adept in magic; सिद्धि (siddhi) an attainment; सिद्धासन (siddhAsana) a meditation posture

सूर्यनमस्कार (sUryanamaskAr) sun salutation

स्मृति (smRti) memory

स्निग्ध (snigdha) guna - unctuous, soft, demulcent, oily

(ha)

हेमन्त (hemanta) winter season - releasing

हरीतकी (harItakI) yellow myrobalan, Terminalia chebula

हिङ्गु (hiGgu) Asafoetida

हिम तेन्दुआ (hima tenduA) snow leopard

ह (ha) moon

हिममानव (himamAnava) yeti, snowman

हंस (haMsa) goose, swan, flamingo

हरिद्रा (haridrA) Curcuma longa, turmeric

हृदय (hRdaya) heart, soul, essence

हठयोग (haThayoga) hatha or forced yoga,

हठयोगप्रदीपिका (haThayogapradIpikA) title of classical yoga text, प्रदीप्ति (pradIpti) illumination, light

हरिवंश (harivaMza) addendum to the Mahabharata


Vowels[edit]

a

A

i

I

u

U

e

ai

o

au


Sonorants[edit]

R

RR

lR

lRR


Anusvāra and visarga[edit]

अं

अः

aM

aH


Consonants[edit]

Gutteral

k

kh

g

gh

G


Soft Palatal

c

ch

j

jh

J


Hard Palatal

T

Th

D

Dh

N


Dental

t

th

d

dh

n


Labial

p

ph

b

bh

m



Semi-vowel

y

r

l

v




Fricative

z

S

s

h




Harvard-Kyoto system[edit]

The Harvard-Kyoto Convention[1] is a system for transliterating Sanskrit and other languages that use the Devanāgarī script into ASCII.[citation needed] It is predominantly used informally in e-mail, and for electronic texts.[citation needed]

Prior to the Unicode era, the following Harvard-Kyoto scheme[2] was developed for putting a fairly large amount of Sanskrit textual material into machine readable format without the use of diacritics as used in IAST. Instead of diacritics it uses upper case letters. Since it employs both upper and lower case letters in its scheme, proper nouns' first letter capitalization format cannot be followed. Because it is without diacritics, it enables one to input texts with a minimum motion of the fingers on the keyboard. For the consonants, the differences to learn are: compared to IAST, all letters with an underdot are typed as the same letter capitalized; guttural and palatal nasals (ṅ, ñ) as the corresponding upper case voiced plosives (G, J); IAST ḷ, ḻ, ḻh are quite rare; the only transliteration that needs to be remembered is z for ś. The vowels table, the significant difference is for the sonorants and Anusvāra, visarga are capitalized instead of their diacritics. Finally, it is fairly readable with practice.